Powerful shrines in benin

Sometimes, however, one meets really large shrines where a spirit is very important in a town, or very popular. Whereas shrines in Africa, and to a lesser extent their links with medicine and healing, have been extensively studied by historians and anthropologists, they have been largely neglected by archaeologists. It is a day that marks Nigeria’s proclamation of independence from British rule on October 1, 1960. Vodun (a. Religions related to Vodun are: Candomble, Lucumi, Macumba, and Yoruba) spell casters. The Ewe and Fon, related linguistically and culturally, live along the coast and in the hinterland of Benin (formerly Dahomey), Togo, and eastern Ghana in West Africa. One of the most reputable college-level textbooks on African art is Monica Blackmun Visona’s The History of Art in Africa. A land where gods and spirits are part of everyday life, and where you might even be able to bump into one! Benin’s coastal belt is a stronghold of voodoo, or vodoun, as it is known here. Check out our altars, shrines & tools selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. H 1. Suthers, "Perception, Knowledge, and Divination," 11ff. 15. Search more about Temples at VConnect. Shrines began to recruit gods with certain efficacies from other shrines. Only – apart from the south – they were not called voodoo priests but fetish priests. rituals at the Ugha-Erha-Oba after which he visited some shrines The sculptures of Ife very likely influenced those produced in the kingdom of Benin (12th to 15th century CE), also in modern Nigeria and also largely composed of the Yoruba people. The Royal Palace Of Oba Of Benin. Entire day dedicate to attend the colorful festival of Vodoun. Frank Herreman is the guest curator. General background: Vodun (a. One of the most holy places of Islam in India is the Ajmer Sharif Dargah in Ajmer, Rajasthan. Today Benin includes not only the ancient Fon kingdom of Dahomey but also areas inhabited by many other groups. Kua number: The kua number is one of your most powerful good luck symbols. Introduction . Isekhurhe holds the powerful position of the custodian of the shrines of the Oba. The eyeholes and the holes in the mask for strings of beads or raffia attachments indicate that it was worn in some ceremony. January 10th is always a very special day in in Benin, a day for celebrating ancestral cults, Voodoo Festival. I have created a new line of Spirit Medicine (Flower & Crystal) Essences that are used for healing the Spirit. beninfo247. The coronation ceremonies of an Oba of Benin kingdom usually last about 10 days. MILLET FESTIVAL by Krobo Tribe: TOGO, BENIN & GHANA Cultural tour & safari of Togo, Benin & Ghana. 380km After breakfast, very long distance is to be covered, but except the border formalities, we can quickly go via Djougou, to return to Benin. In fact, the religion began on the stretch of West African coastline that runs from Nigeria to Ghana — via Benin, where it’s still the dominant religion. The second bigger (more powerful) than Ayelala in Benin and even Godspower. 11). Others see the ability to shed blood as an example of the unique fertility of a woman. abia native doctors – powerful native doctors in umuahia, abia state. Benin, a tiny ex-French colony sitting in a green corner of West Africa, is the original home of that much maligned religion, Voodoo. It was founded by the Edo or Bini people in the 13thcentury, and by the early 14th century a royal court was in place. Tour to Ghana, Togo, Benin: Festivals and traditions Our fantastic cultural odyssey to the most remote regions of Ghana, Togo and Benin to discover lost tribal worlds ruled by traditional chiefs and ancient spirits. Continuation to Abomey, cultural and spiritual center of Benin and center of the powerful kingdom of Dahomey. One of the most popular masks was that of Queen Idia, who was the powerful mother of Oba Esigie. Sukur Cultural Landscape Uncover three of West Africa’s most intriguing nations on this compact insight into Benin, Togo and Ghana. So there has been much focus on local priests and shrines in Benin and their role in this international crime. Discovering the culture in Benin is the highlight of any vacation to this West African nation. The film also introduces the fascinating country of Benin, its tragic slave trade history, its historical importance as the center of the kingdom of Dahomey, its renown as the birthplace of voodoo (the film visits voodoo shrines, including the most powerful in the country), its landscapes and wildlife, its people, and its music and dance. . With Anicet Behanzin, Romuald Boco, Adrian Healey. The 23-year-old Nigerian had scraped together nearly 50 euros in The Shrine of Our Mother of Perpetual Help is a pilgrimage centre geared towards the spiritual enrichment of people from all walks of life. Mami Wata is recognized by diverse peoples throughout Africa as a powerful water spirit. However, in Africa, it is also known for its divine kings, mystical and magical warriors, native doctors, priests, wizards and witches. Benin Kingdom rose to power as it served as the capital of the Kingdom of Benin, the empire of the Oba of Benin. Haitian Vodou is a powerful element in understanding the formation of gender, sexuality, and colorism in Haiti. Sacred shrine in the Python temple in  In West Africa, no shrine is deemed completely sacred and powerful without blood . The paper highlights the internal spaces quality and traditional courtyard house design in order to document the value and relevance from home owners’ perspective. The original people and founders of the Benin Empire, the Edo people, were initially ruled by the Ogiso (Kings of the Sky) dynasty who called their land Igodomigodo. 1. The Anlo Ewe are a sub-group of the Ewe people of approximately 6 million people, inhabiting southern Togo, southern Benin, southwest Nigeria, and south-eastern parts of the Volta Region of Ghana; meanwhile, a majority of Ewe are located in the entire southern half of Togo and southwest Benin. Its roots may go back 6,000 years in Africa. Great Benin is known around the world for it’s supurb artwork. of the Yoruba people living in Nigeria, the Republic of Benin and their many Ife flourished as a powerful, cosmopolitan and wealthy city-state in West Africa, Some of its shrines and groves are still in use and rituals to key gods are  In April 2009 we made a tour to Togo and Benin in West Africa. Particularly Benin City. By Jesse Knight | 11/11/17. powerful spiritualist, powerful herbalist, money rituals jujumen, powerful juju men that prepare the strongest charms, strong babalawos, witch doctors, best juju man, shrines, powerful alfa altars, babalawo contact phone number, powerful healer etc. The royal palace of the Oba of Benin is a UNESCO listed heritage site, centrally located near the King’s Square. When I told people I was going to Benin, Ghana and Togo, the usual response was a blank stare (indicating they weren’t convinced I’d just named three countries on this earth), followed by the tentative question, “Why?” Itinerary: Ghana, Togo and Benin - Gold and Magic Tour. Top 26 Places To Visit In Maharashtra For Religious Places. From Ouidah, Lome and Togoville, where voodoo still forms an important part of everyday life, on to the museums of Accra and pristine shores of Anomabo Beach, this snapshot of Benin, Togo and Ghana is as humbling as it is relaxing. present Oba, Ewuare II, the reigning monarch of the Benin Kingdom, retains traditional and advisory roles in government. Benin’s culture remains deeply influenced by the legacy of the slave trade as well as by voodoo – the national religion. of the market and discovering small Voodoo shrines squirreled away up is rumoured to be the strongest and most powerful fetish in the country. The most powerful shrine in Benin is Dankoli fetish shrine Despite its diminutive size, Benin has a lot to offer to the adventure traveler - the beautiful Northwest region with its unique Tata houses and hundred years old tribal traditions, numerous Voodoo shrines and temples, vestiges and palaces of the powerful Kingdom of Dahomey, and a spiritual Voodoo center in the quaint and beach-lined city of Ouidah. The African continent includes so many countries, regions, languages, tribes, cultures and crossovers that the sheer diversity of prevailing Gods would seem overwhelming if there weren’t a few handy shortcuts. In the tiny West African nation of Benin, Voodoo remains the state religion. Know More About How To Reach These Places, Where To Stay, Best Time To Visit And Reviews By Other Travellers. Olokun, the ruler of the global waters and the provider of wealth and fertility, is the most widely venerated deity in Benin, especially among women who join local congregations to pray and sacrifice for children. And they did not pray to the gods that are popular in Togo and Benin. From the fourteenth century, each new king or oba of Benin began his reign by creating a shrine to his predecessor. Vodun art is associated with the West African Vodun religion of Nigeria, Benin, Togo and They are designed to attract and hold powerful forces through which the owner Animal Motif and Hanging Cloth on Vodun Shrine in Abomey, Benin. Because of this belief the non-nonsense Benin war general was said to have embarked on building a ladder up to the sky to take on the “troublesome man” in a bloody contest before he passed on. on StudyBlue. As our West Africa tour continued through Benin, the subject of voodoo kept coming up. Discover recipes, home ideas, style inspiration and other ideas to try. Kunle I Sowunmi. This tour explores all three, starting in Accra, one of West Africa’s liveliest cities before crossing into Togo to witness a traditional voodoo ceremony deep within the This portfolio groups together several manifestation of the practice of Voudon as witnessed in south eastern Ghana and south and central Togo and Benin. Explore the island, gather its resources, and cross swords as you race to control powerful shrines. These good fortune symbols are also said to bring various kinds of luck: Accra to Accra Overland Group Adventure Through Ghana, Togo & Benin. It is recognised as an official religion and is followed by about 60% of the population. It is said that the charm which was buried at the gate of the Palace brought prosperity to the Kingdom. The one with many builders Study 12 Benin kingdom flashcards from Kiersten W. Africa Discovery offers the best West Africa tours for any budget. By reading your name, he can pinpoint exactly what spiritual healing process is needed to help you, and within 7 days can solve your problems. In Benin shrines, he is always depicted in a war costume, wearing or holding the tools and weapons of his varied occupations (Fig. It is a long, thin nation sandwiched between Ghana and Benin. They begin from Egua-Edaiken, the traditional residence of the heir-apparent to the Benin Throne. This includes the adoption of philosophies from other faiths or movements (Asante & Mazama, 2007). All along the coast of Benin and Togo, Vodoun religion gathers a lot of adepts. In this way, popular gods were invited into many shrines and shared by more people. It’s a country that birthed gold and riches and stories that stretched far and wide that were met with awe across oceans in faraway lands. 2 metres If you double click an image, click the actions tab then scroll to view all sizes you will be able to view large full size images Further information or more images of individual pieces please contact us with image number: Ann Porteus Sidewal 10 Cults And Religions Of The Criminal Underworld David Tormsen , Updated August 5, 2018 Gang initiations and rituals often mimic religious rites, and some say that gang activity fills a spiritual void in the lives of many of society’s marginalized. Ghana, Togo & Benin Including the Annual Ouidah Voodoo Festival – Jan 2020 Ghana (Accra, Kumasi, Cape Coast) Togo ( Lome, Togoville) Benin (Ouidah, Cotonou, Abomey) Benin - Benin - Plant and animal life: The original rain forest, which covered most of the southern part of the country, has now largely been cleared, except near the rivers. Find list of best Temples in Benin, Edo with their name, address, contact phone number and other information on VConnect. He rejected the offer. 2000 Years Old Monarchy (BC 40 - AD 2015) BENIN KINGDOM 1,000 YEARS DYNASTY OF OGISOS OR SKY KINGS {ABOUT 40BC -1100AD} _____ 1st Igodo {About 40BC – 16AD} Igodo or Obagodo established the kingdom in components of Benin were united and formed into a central Administrative Unit. There are also a number of Benin Kingdom bronze cast masks that date back to 18th century but are believed to show centuries of artistic development (World 13). U-23 AFCON: Ghana drawn in 'Group of death' Ghana, Togo and Benin, an extraordinary cultural odyssey One of the most outstanding and complete tours in West Africa. A Benin ancestral altar is such a locus for constructing memory. Ghana, Togo and Benin are home to an amazing diversity of traditional cultures, from the once mighty kingdom of the Ashanti to smaller groups living in isolation in the bush. ensure the safe delivery of a healthy and handsome child The Akan linguist staff becomes a metaphor for the king or chief and can be carried into a meeting where an individual would be contesting the king's title to the stool. (B,L,D) Fri, Jan 10 Ouidah “Voodoo Festival” Every January 10th in Benin, is a national celebration day in honor of the traditional voodoo religion and of the cults associated with it. . Discovering voodoo, the national religion, is a must – with fetishes, festivals and ceremonies. It is believed that no prayer at this Dargah is unanswered. In its place, many oil palms and rônier palms have been planted and food crops are cultivated. The trokosi practice calls for virgin girls to be sent to the shrines of fetish gods to pay for crimes committed by one of their relatives. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Shina Rambo now Mathew Oluwanifemi was a name that sent shivers down the spine of people who lived in the South West of Nigeria and even outside Nigeria, like Benin Republic and neighborhood, in the 1990s. The deities are the same across the board and the way rituals are done is about the same too. He encouraged the development of arts throughout the kingdom by forming the various crafts men into guilds and ordering the creation of ivory and wood carvings including production of Bronze heads for shrines dedicated to the memory of past Obas. D. He died in Benin City on the 20th October 1913, sixteen years after the Benin — British War, and three months before the death of his monarch, Oba Ovonramwen, in Calabar on the 13th January 1914. It holds a huge collection of sculptural pieces of a lot of Benin Obas in bronze, ancestral shrines and ivory. Human rights groups estimate that about 4,000 girls and women are in bondage at 51 major shrines in the southeastern area of Ghana where the system is practiced. El Dorado Games is raising funds for The Island of El Dorado on Kickstarter! A strategic board game. An accessible overview and introduction to the court art of the Benin kingdom through sixty-three exemplary pieces. E). THE statement credited to Oba Erediauwa Omonoba Uku Akpolokpolo, that the Yoruba race originated from Benin Kingdom, was very rich in details and calls for Jun 14, 2019- Old Shrine panel, Kalabari People, Nigeria. Only male chameleons do that. On a day fixed by the Edaiken, he is escorted by his Uselu people on his journey back to Benin City. assembles the most powerful deities worshipped in the Kingdom for  5 days ago Benin Voodoo: watching a ceremony at the House of the Python and the Point of No Return, where slaves departed for the New World. C. also practised in neighbooring Benin and Togo, is In ancient times, seekers traveled thousands of miles to reach ancient Orishas shrines so as to be initiated and receive instructions from Great Babalawos, they understood that true initiation would come only when they were prepared and ready to be awakened. After serving jail-time for his crimes, he was converted by an evangelist and became a Christian evangelical pastor. Along the way, tour the temple dedicated to the sacred Python, which is believed to give vitality and protection. The Ashanti people were one of the most powerful nations in Africa until the end of the 19th century, when the British annexed Ashanti Country to their Gold Coast colony. The Igbo worldview is the belief that shrines are existing beings here on earth before human beings. They are more powerful than man. Sango, the Yoruba god of thunder and lightning, giver of children, and protector of twins, was the legendary fourth king of the powerful eighteenth-century Oyo empire. It is not to be confused with Benin, the post-colonial nation state; the Kingdom of Benin's capital was Edo, now known as Benin City in Edo state. Prior to the advent of the British colonial government in Nigeria, the Benin Empire was impressive in expanse and administrative clout. Explore festivals, fetishes, markets and palaces to gain a greater insight into this fascinating culture. 14. ouidah, benin - the birthplace of voodoo and their annual voodoo festival Benin formerly known as Dahomey sat in the gulf of Guinea hemmed in by the might of Nigeria on its Eastern flank and Togo to the West, with the warm waters of the Atlantic Ocean lapping along its palm fringed beaches. It used to be called the Kingdom of Dahomey and there are some mud-brick palaces left from that time when it was a powerful country. FON AND EWE RELIGION FON AND EWE RELIGION . Ezili Freda, like Haitian Vodou in general, has a distinct trajectory, stemming from the history of the Haitian people, who have endured French colonization and enslavement. In Ife lfe, a powerful spir- tual urban center among the Yorubas, the chief priest of Obatala seves as the chief priest for Osho- osi: the Aworo Ose. Unexpected West Africa. com Is a Benin Republic information portal dedicated to providing relevant information to all to Africa and the world about the coastal city of republic of Benin. Shrines And Deities Of Benin Kingdom By Ojekhebholo Blessing Ose (11-07-2016) THE ancestral shrines and state in the royal palace are considered to be the holiest place and essential core of the kingdom. Yoruba Kingdoms - Benin and Ife. Benin City was the center of power for the great Edo kingdom from the 1300s to 1897 when the kingdom was overthrown by the British and the Oba exiled. Directed by Richard Shepherd. POPULAR SHRINES IN BENIN CITY AND BENIN REPUBLIC SHRINES. Dark Secrets: Voodoo in Benin. Bawumia justifies recent hike in electricity tariff business. Location: Benin, Edo State. Recall Lost-wax casting? These special pieces typically find pride of place in the living room (prime real estate to the collector), or a special room where one can enjoy the pieces in a peaceful setting. Pemberton, 63–82. k. Among the Edo peoples of Benin, the head represents the character and destiny of the individual, and freestanding heads like this one were placed on the shrines as symbols of the qualities and leadership of the previous ruler. The rulers or kings were commonly known as Ogiso. These spirits manifest themselves in human as well as animal form. Please join your prayers with ours on Wednesdays as we implore St. The role of ancestral altars in Benin culture. Experience the real Benin from spotting the spectacular wildlife to engaging with Python Temple or the creepy Dankoli festish – Benin's most powerful shrine. This often overlooked nation overflows in history and culture. The National Museum in the capital, Lome, provides a particularly good introduction to the arts and traditions of Togo. area around Abomey-Bohicon in Bénin, dating to the days of the Dahomean even as powerful tokens of magic. It is a syncretic religion that combines Roman Catholicism and native African religion, particularly from the religion of the Dahomey region of West Africa (the modern day nation of Benin). In fact, in some of their villages in western Nigeria and, especially, in Benin (Dahomey), the hunter/warrior peoples protec- ted by Oshoosi and Ogun were never taken captive as slaves by anyone. It is a famous pilgrimage center where people from different religious backgrounds come to offer prayers. They are made up of more than 3,500,000 people. The village of Igbo-Ukwu in the Niger Delta supported a bronze casting tradition that dates back to the 9th Century AD. As would seem appropriate for the home of a religion famed for its dolls and zombies (both of which are more Hollywood fantasy than Beninese reality), Benin is awash in magic, has kings sitting on thrones every which way you look and gods and ghosts turning up Lined by museums, monuments and shrines, the solemn stretch opens to the ‘Gate of No Return’ on a wide windswept Atlantic shore. The third, seventh, and tenth anniversary of the king's reign have been spe- cially celebrated; the first two reflect the traditional importance of three and seven in Bini numerology, the last, marked by a symposium on Benin history and The Benin Kingdom: Rituals of Kingship and Their Social Meanings 75 culture, the influence of Western culture. Move over Odin, Ra, and Zeus, there's a new really old pantheon in town. Whomever asked this question, thank you for your curiosity. Additional Good Luck Charms. a. Location: Benin, Edo State One of the most powerful kingdoms in French West Africa was that of Dahomey who reportedly sourced much of that power from their thunder gods and exercised it through their famous corps of female soldiers. Remote regions, lost tribal worlds guided by ancient spirits, powerful kingdoms, haunting forts. March 2014 - Benin: a West African adventure, on the Voodoo trail for Condé Nast Traveller Magazine. Most things that are crafted are essentially meant for magical practices or symbolizes this powerful belief. John Neumann every Wednesday after each Mass and has been for many years. Mr Yaseen offers spiritual healing in Benin to anyone who is open enough to receive it. Vodun Voodoo Shrine - Abomey West Africa, African, Portrait, Architecture, Painting, . Africa’s Ancient (pre-colonial) Cities: Then and Now Africa is a continent of rich history: of ancient empires and kingdoms and a colourful people. The African World View It was in all of these locations where the African, Queen mothers established their powerful temples and theocratic empires. Once a powerful city-state, Benin exists today as a modern African city in of deceased kings were displayed on altars at numerous shrines in the royal palace . Mary Nooter Roberts, "Proofs and Promises: Setting Meaning before the Eyes," in Insight and Artistry in African Divination, ed. Indeed, contrary to its occult reputation in the West, the voodoo religion is an artistic, reverent and immensely popular one, with over half of Benin’s 9 […] Resonance from the Past is a collaboration between the Mu-seum for African Art and the New Orleans Museum of Art. The Edo proper, centered in and around Benin City FON PEOPLE: BENIN`S EMPIRE BUILDERS OF THE PAST KINGDOM OF DAHOMEY AND AN UNREPENTANT PRACTITIONERS OF VOODOO RELIGION The Fon people also known as Fon nu, are a major West African ethnic and Fon linguistic group in the country of Benin, and southwest Nigeria. What led to the fall of the British Empire is linked to the curse that was placed on the kingdom by the Benin Iwebo shrines for invading the Benin Kingdom and carting away all their artefacts both from the Holy Aruosa and the king's palace and the banishment of the king into exile. The name was derived from the god Vodun of the West African Yoruba people who lived in 18th and 19th century Dahomey. At its height, the Inca empire controlled all of the western part of the South American continent between Ecuador and Chile. These shrines become centre of prayer and healing and social action. In Igbo a shrine i called okwu alusi or uno alusi, or uno mmuo. There was at least one priest in nearly every village. This place is known globally for housing one of the world’s strongest gods. The Benin masks are one of the most notable and visible figures of the Benin art. EDO RELIGION. Explore Benin holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. Shrines are measures based on their potency and how effective their gods are. "Benin viewed the mudfish as a symbol of power, transformation, and royalty. This 12 days journey explores the former Gold Coast. Kingdom of Benin Benin was an influential city-state in northwest Africa generally from the 15th to 17th century. January 9: Allada, Benin (Mini Voodoo Festival) After breakfast, depart to Allada (1 hour drive) , the cradle of African Traditional Religion. When you step foot into this country, these are the few well-known ones that everybody on the streets of Ghana believe they are the most powerful and do believe whatever they do, works. Okpota was a powerful native doctor who prepared a charm of good luck for the Oba. It was dual celebration in Porto Novo, Republic of Benin recently, as the Alaafin of Oyo; Oba Lamidi Adeyemi III resuscitated the celebration of Sango festival in the city for the first time in Kingdom of Ife: Sculptures from West Africa by The British Museum Ife ( pronounced ee-feh) is today regarded as the spiritual heartland of the Yoruba people living in Nigeria, the Republic of Benin and their many descendants around the world. At their height, these African, matriarchal empires reigned for more than 4,000 years—centuries before their conquer by the Dorian Greek invaders (6-7th B. Temple of Dan the serpent god near Abomey. com also know as Benin Info publish information on all aspects of Benin Republic such as politics, sports, education, lifestyle, places,travel business, carrier opportunities, entertainment, people and Ghana, Togo and Benin are home to an amazing diversity of traditional cultures, from the once mighty kingdom of the Ashanti to smaller groups living in isolation in the bush. Bronzes of very refined Ife sculptures dating back to the 12th C have been found in Yoruba shrines. TEMPLE BEHUMBEZA (COTONOU) BENIN. In Ife lfe, a powerful spritual urban center among the Yorubas, the chief priest of Obatala seves as the chief priest for Oshoosi: the Aworo Ose. Posuban Shrines Start studying Art 109 Chapters 6 - 10. Often his costume and, significantly, his eyes are painted red. The 10th of January in Benin is a national celebration day honouring traditional religion and all cults associated with it. Rudolph Blier, "Diviners as Alienists and Annunciators among the Batammaliba of Togo," in African Divination Systems, ed. The first edition of this article was titled “Yoruba and Benin Kingdom The Missing Gap of History” following the Statement credited to Oba Ereduwa Omonoba Polopolo, that the Yoruba race originated from Benin Kingdom, was very rich in details and calls for re Benin kingdom became totally disorganized and vulnerable to enemy attack. His argument was that if you sent them back to a museum in Nigeria some people would demand they were returned to the shrines where they once were, or they would be stolen. Ife and Benin metal sculpture. With one of the biggest democracies in the world and a presidential system of government, it has a dual economy, based on its rich natural resources, traditional agriculture and the trade sector. John Neumann for his powerful and prayerful intercession and ask this through Jesus Christ, Our Lord and Savior. One of the only ways to know about the shrine inside is the sign next to the door on the concrete wall that shows in picture form, with red x’s: no shoes, no shirts, no hats. The endless list of voodoos shows the powers concentrated in their impressive shrines! Overnight at Hotel Casa del Papa or similar in Ouidah. According to Benin history, Oba Ehemugba, famously know as a powerful mystic, was born a haemophrodyte and since his father did not have any other heir to ascend the throne after him, he invited powerful witch doctors and mystics to work on young Ehemugba. Things to do in Benin. You must understand that there is a spiritualist that is more powerful than all other spiritualists and I’m that spiritualist. To describe some­one as always having red eyes is a way of indicating his violent temper and capacity for causing harm (Ben-Amos 1980: 51). Santeria is a religion governed by strict rules of behavior, but characterized by wide latitude of interpretation due to the individualistic nature of worship (Clark, 2007). Although frequently called upon in daily speech–in the order of “Oh, my God!”–few shrines or priests were or are dedicated to him. Aisien lies buried today in the first cemetery created by the Colonial Authorities in Benin. From tall, intricately carved gopurams to majestic pillars and life-sized shrines, these South Indian temples are rich in legend and stunning in their grandeur. The wood images were carved by men, painted (and repainted annually) by Benin, country of western Africa. Redemptorists are renowned for their shrine ministries in countries as diverse as Brazil, the Philippines, the USA, Ireland etc. Passed down by the ancestors, it is still practiced with fervor today. The tribute paid today to the Asantehene (King) is the best evidence of their past splendour and The coronation ceremonies of an Oba of Benin usually last about 10 days. John Neumann is prayed by the congregants at the National Shrine of St. By. King. Happy little Voodoo family. The belief that there is an interaction and reciprocal exchange between these, to Bakongo, means the world of spirits can possess the world of flesh. For example, in Benin, the menstrual blood of a woman is viewed in different ways. Rules by divine right as well as approval from king makers chief council. As well i make tinctures, salves, and oils from local plants in Northern California. ” Our mission to Benin was awe inspiring in many ways—by the size of the crowds, the hunger of the people, and the powerful strategies that were used to touch a region and move a nation to God. There has been—specifically, the Nubian kingdom in the central Nile Valley, the remains of which can be found in today’s Sudan. Yoruba and Benin Kingdom: Ile Ife The Final Resting Place of History. That country occupied parts of today's Togo, Benin and Nigeria. Benin has an interesting history and culture. Vodoun, Voudou, Voodoo, Sevi Lwa) is commonly called Voodoo by the public. It was always ruled by a powerful king who was usually a former war leader. Kumasi is the historical and spiritual capital of the old Ashanti Kingdom. Knots represent the powerful, magical medicine that is usually found on warrior gear worn by figures on Benin and Lower Ayelala God Killed Looters Of Oba Market-Fire In Benin City Whether it’s Pastors Adeboye and Oyedepo’s God of Israel or others. One of my favorite pieces of African tribal art is an old Benin bronze – a casting of a Queen’s head. Our Benin holidays and tours take you to one of Africa’s most magical countries, home to a wealth of cultural experiences that belies its modest size. Independence Day is celebrated in Nigeria on the 1st of October, every year. This is the land where lies the largest number of castles - remnants from the eras of the gold and slave trade. Have you been to shrines, temples, churches, occult Websites… in search of a powerful spiritualist that can solve all your problems but you were disappointed? SEARCH NO MORE, you have come to the right place. The name is traceable to an African word for "spirit". [Richard Shepherd, (Filmmaker); Shami Media (Firm);] -- The film follows the underdog national soccer team of the poor West African nation of Benin (known as The Squirrels) as they try to reach the 2010 World Cup Finals in South Africa, the first ever on Back in Ghana, he has 14 children (9 of them adopted) and a religious empire: a network of shrines, a free elementary school, houses, cars and a cattle farm. Experience incredible West African culture, traditional architecture, voodoo ceremonies, slave history, music, beaches and wildlife on this off the beaten track adventure! The Benin Monarchy and the Benin/ Edo Empire had come a very long way since the ancient Kingdom of Oba Akenzua 11’s ancestor Obas. Spiritual healing in Benin is one of the most powerful tools on the planet. Using photo-manipulation, artist James C. Blood sprinkling is a major service offered to the gods through their voodoo shrines. The most important of these—according to Benin notions of seniority—is Olokun, his oldest son. Her origins can be traced to a late 19th-century German lithograph of a female snake charmer. Benin, Togo & Ghana Expedition 11 Day Small Group Adventure from Cotonou to Accra with Intrepid. Create an account or log in to Pinterest. After visiting this first palace in the capital city of Porto-Novo, we traveled up to Abomey, which was the capital city of the Kingdom. Lewis makes us wonder why the Orishas don't have their own comic book series. One of many major vodun shrines found all over Ouidah and its immediate vicinity, the Missa shrine is more enormous than it seems. Get this from a library! Laduma : Benin's journey. Discover The Temple of Pythons in Ouidah, Benin: Dozens of snakes are housed Though it's an intimidating sight, in this African temple the powerful pythons  28 Feb 2019 In the tiny West African nation of Benin, Voodoo remains the state religion. The Edo-speaking peoples live in a tropical forest region of southern Nigeria. The volume explores the outstanding court art of one of the most powerful empires in West Africa between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries: the Benin kingdom of the Edo people. After spending 15 months in captivity in a run-down brothel in the Italian city of Torino, Wealth finally saw her chance to escape. Today, we know this former kingdom as the tiny Republic of Benin. This is an exciting trip that is a great introduction to the region and of equal appeal to seasoned African travellers. Oba Ewuare, the first Golden Age ruler, is credited with turning Benin City into a military fortress protected by moats and walls. El Dorado Games is raising funds for The Island of El Dorado: Revenge Expansion on Kickstarter! A strategic board game. Other names of shrines in Okija believed to be engaged in the heinous activities include Ogwugwu Mmili, Apunama, Akaya Afa, Ajana-Ohobo, Ahaobuo Umugum, Ihenemenle, Ogwugwu Idigo and Ogwugwu Idimgo. These will be used in voodoo shrines. They are more powerful than any Igbo because they are in charge of natural occurences. It takes the same inclusive and interrelated approach to the continental and diasporic understanding of African art as this lesson plan, taking care to include Islamic, Nilotic, and Ethiopic Africa as relating directly to each other and the rest of the continent to which This may be linked to the premises of dualistic cosmology in Bakongo tradition, where two world exist, one visible and lived, another invisible and full of powerful spirits. It comes to the University of Wyoming Art Museum from the Smithso-nian Institution, Washington D. A female chameleon found Mike to be charming, but not worthy of changing color. A visit to this small, club-shaped nation could therefore not be complete without learning about spirits and fetishes and the Afro-Brazilian In the precolonial period, Dahomey was the name of the most powerful kingdom on the Slave Coast, which extended along the Bight of Benin to Lagos. Vodoun, Voudou, Voodoo, Sevi Lwa) is commonly called Voodoo (vû'dû) by the public. Bronzes from Ife and Benin (through Galerie Peter Herrmann) The Art of Africa , links and images, through Mike Gunther's Timelines of Art History: The World African Art in the collection of the Allen Memorial Art Museum , Oberlin, Ohio Folk Customs from Around the World Animist fetish shrines--a West African voodoo tradition--erected to voodoo shrine of Dan Koly in central Benin a powerful Mother Earth's Gifts from the Plant Nation are powerful medicines used in the old traditions of healing. Culture in Benin. And Oluku, one of the ancient villages near Benin City, the Edo State, capital is well known as an area where respect for traditional values, the ancestors and deities still hold sway. It is one of the major ways to calm the spirit of African ancestors or to ask favour from the gods. com . Benin City is partially what remains of the once powerful and famous imperial Benin Kingdom, one of the most powerful African empires during the 15th and 16th century. All Gods kill, murder human beings and go scot-free. Certainly, in Benin oral traditions, it was the king of Ife who sent a master craftsman to Benin to spread his sculptural skills. In 1975 the Republic of Dahomey changed its name to the Republic of Benin, after the Bight of Benin ["Where few come out but many go in”], which in turn was www. Kara - Djougou (Benin) – Abomey. | The birthplace of voodoo and a pivotal platform of the slave trade for nearly three centuries, Benin is steeped in a rich and complex history still very much in evidence today. As other kingdoms crowded around the area, they became more powerful and the Great Benin is an African kingdom that at its height was a vast empire that streched across Western Africa. www. FESTIVALS OF TOGO, BENIN & GHANA Cultural tour & safari of Togo, Benin & Ghana. An simple, searchable, up-to-date directory of guilds. By Lee Keath The as well as shrines to Shiite and Sunni Muslim saints — looting some sites for profit — all in the name of purging Kuiye, the Batammaliba sun and Creator god, is the ultimate architect, having not only built an enormously tall, multilevel Tata Somba — fortified house — in the “sun village” in the western sky, but also on the very earth, out of a piece of iron. 1300. Benin African Nations, African Culture, West Africa, Adventure Travel   29 May 2019 The biggest religion of Benin, Voodoo has over 50 million believers in West . "Once a powerful city-state, Benin exists today as a modern African city in what is now south-central Nigeria. Nigeria, commonly known as the giant of Africa with more than 150 million people is the most populous country in Africa. Upon his suicide death by hanging in Koso, Sango's friends traveled to neighboring Bariba peoples to obtain magic and medicines to defend Sango's name. Spiritual Healing in Benin. Peek, 73–90. ‘There can be no equilibrium without respecting the universal laws of nature, and our ancient knowledge and traditions,’ said Dah Dangbénon from his voodoo temple in Benin in 2012. Similarly, the SIU Professor wrote that the shrines are "not really religious institutions" but rather "legal institutions," adding that they are becoming more influential as Nigeria's criminal justice system "deteriorates" (3 June 2010). Arise, Benin, arise, for the glory of the Lord is risen upon you. The Nubian civilization can be traced back to 2000 BCE. Voodoo. In contrast, the ASC Professor stated that in rural communities, local shrines are influential and community members "respect and even fear" the shrine priest (11 June 2010). Ndigbo believes that they obey God in disharging their duties. NIGERIAN TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURE: What Are The Building Types? Posted by jonathanadewumi on September 27, 2016 In contemporary architecture, we can talk of different types of buildings or say that a particular building belongs to a certain group or architectural styles or types. After all, Benin is where voodoo, or Vodun as it is known here, first began. Fetiche Bouteille Vaudou - Fongbe - Benin African Masks, African Art, Bird Ouidah is Benin's voodoo heartland, and thought Eshu shrine with offerings. Not enough people actually take the time to question the narrative of history or life. The most powerful shrine in Benin is Dankoli fetish shrine. Trokosi (Ewe spelling troxovi, also called ritual servitude) is a form of sexual slavery involving mainly women and girls . their central place in the conflicts under investigation. Benin was a French colony from the late 19th century until 1960. The present-day oba of Benin traces the founding of his dynasty to A. He regularly appeared on television In the culture of the Yoruba, the people of southwest Nigeria and Benin, there are shrines built to powerful goddesses: Oya, who commands wind, lightning, violent storms, and death if she so chooses, and Yemoja, a deity of the water who protects women and is associated with fertility. Book online and enjoy exclusive savings on Intrepid's 11 Day Benin, Togo & Ghana Expedition. In the 1950s this image, reprinted in the calendar of an Indian company, was circulated widely in western and central Africa. Their language formerly belonged to the Kwa family of Niger-Congo languages and is now classified with the South Central Niger-Congo group (Ruhlen, 1991). The ancient Benin homeland (not to be confused with the modern-day and unrelated Republic of Benin, which was then known as Dahomey) has been and continues to be mostly populated by the Edo (also known as the Bini or Benin ethnic group). Kings belonged to the Ogiso = the Skyking dynasty. Apart from that, the monarch told his chiefs to either sit up or quit. Landing in Cotonou, I travelled to Abomey, Porto Novo, Ganvié, Ouidah and finally back to Cotonou with my brilliant fixers Ulrich and Serge David, both very experienced Beninese journalists In West Africa, no shrine is deemed completely sacred and powerful without blood sacrifice. Egungun – the most powerful – are covered entirely in colourful patchwork. Made from ivory or bronze, the masks were used as pendant, tied around the waist or neck. What was true centuries ago is still true today. Buffalo (Bocio), 19th century, Republic of Benin, Fon peoples, silver, iron, and wood, 30. The Elder Scrolls Online guilds index. So, when on Tuesday, Oba Ewuare roared again, it was in the direction of one of the powerful Benin chiefs. The West African empire centered on Benin City, in modern-day Nigeria. by Iken was a powerful warrior who challenged the authority of the Oba. The novena prayer to St. The film follows the underdog national soccer team of the poor West African nation of Benin (known as The Squirrels) as they try to reach the 2010 World Cup Finals in South Africa, the first ever on African soil. In fact, in some of their villages in western Nigeria and, especially, in Benin (Dahomey), the hunter/warrior peoples protected by Oshoosi and Ogun were never taken captive as slaves by anyone. Photograph the sacred forest which houses many shrines dedicated to various deities. Around 1170 CE a metalcaster named Iguegha, under the recommendation of the Oba, to create a new tradition of memorial heads for shrines. 9 Jul 2019 Cotonou - The sound of drum beats, hand claps and women singing fills the air at a shrine in Cotonou in the West African nation of Benin,  20 Feb 2017 Then the 'boccio' are set up in the village or in shrines, receive sacrificial completely to the 'classical' type of such powerful sculptures of the  On the eastern shore of the island. Queen Idia played an instrumental role in her son’s successful military campaigns against neighbouring tribes and factions. Enter a world of python temples, haystack cults and oozing fetish shrines. When choosing things to do in Benin, don’t overlook Pendjari National Park – one of the only safari destinations in West Africa. It is based on cultural traditions of West Africa involving the requirement of a young virgin girl in consideration of the services of the priests in certain shrines of African Traditional Religion, particularly in areas of Ghana, Togo and Benin The word trokosi comes Christians and Muslims are "by far the more powerful force in Nigeria today, while the indigenous religions languish" (F&M Professor 22 May 2010). To enclose his palace he commanded the building of Benin's inner wall, a seven mile (11 km) long earthen rampart girded by a moat 50 feet (15 m) deep. According to anthropologists Kulcher and Melion, art objects or visual images do not merely encode memory but actively engender modes of recollection. Unlike most other religions, Kuzirism also touches upon the scientific and educational, with the clergy of the religion serving Benin Crown Prince begins journey to history. Kunle Sowunmi . The Akan akua'ba sculptures are consecrated at shrines for young women to carry in order to ____. The Alaka is a section of the palace known to habour Oba Ehemgbuba shrine. The Bronze Head of Queen Idia is a commemorative bronze head from mediaeval Benin that probably represents Queen Idia, who was a powerful monarch during the early sixteenth century at the Benin court. Why destroy cultural monuments? To dominate, horrify. African mythology covers a vast area. The Python Temple of Ouidah Benin Republic is a place of worship by  The Edo proper, centered in and around Benin City, are of long standing in this region the Edo were united into a powerful kingdom that by the fifteenth century had Edo men and women alike may keep a shrine or shrines to Olokun, Ogun,   different shrines in Benin City and the role of oaths in Edo belief systems. Benin palace chiefs rain curses on alleged Oba’s enemies Ihogbe and powerful palace native doctors. Including neighboring Benin The Inca Empire was the largest prehispanic society of South America when it was 'discovered' by the Spanish conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro in the 16th century AD. Uncover three of West Africa’s most intriguing nations on this compact insight into Benin, Togo and Ghana. The boundary of Benin Empire and Oyo Empire was set at Otun Ekiti during his reign after many wars was fought between the two Empires. Art work was created to decorate shrines, to control supernatural forces, for divination, and to celebrate an abundant harvest and other events within the tribe. The Oba lodged Okpota in a house near the Palace in the area of the present day Exhibition Centre. Besides, he said, few Uncover three of West Africa’s most intriguing nations on this compact insight into Benin, Togo and Ghana. Gelede Masquerade Headdress: Imado Early 20th century BENIN Ife was the earlier form that probably influenced the city-state of Benin, Western Africa. We stop en route at the Dankoli fetish, the most powerful fetish in Benin, where we may see sacrifices being performed to ask for the favour of the gods. Focus has been placed upon palaeopathology when medicine is considered in archaeological The porcupine is an Ashanti tribe symbol, because the porcupine “Fights from all angles”. They wore red attires known as ‘Ododo’ and visited several shrines within Benin City Reality looked different. During the celebration, tourists watch devotees in animal skins chanting and dancing to drumbeats and share a glass or two of Gin with the locals. Successful, powerful shrines, like this one, often contain numerous carved figures that represent the extended family of the main deities, plus one or more ikenga (the most evident of which is to the far left) and other protective, offensive, and defensive ritual materials. Ghana School of Law needs urgent reforms in the wake of mass failure of students opinions. Art in the Kingdom of Benin The Oba, king, commissioned artworks to show his power and prestige Royal portraits were an important focus of royal ancestral shrines Artworks contained many religious symbols, since the king was also the spiritual leader Other members of the royal family and powerful chiefs The Kuzir places of worship known as esuku are built in the hundreds in most cities in Benin, and shrines to Oghodua, the god of Kuzirism, can be found in the thousands in every city, town, and village in the empire. The Benin Elders were able to convince him to accept the crown. It Introduction. there was a power struggle between these. First I present a small anthology of Voudon fetishes and shrines and the priests and healers who use them in their practice, including a few images at the infamous fetish market in Lome, Togo. Some assert that menstrual blood is sacred and it has the power to ward off evil spirits or bring danger to men and many shrines. Roots to Glory Tours - Stevenson Road, Stevenson, Maryland 21153 - Rated 4. You can wear or carry your kua number, display it in your car, or place it on your home office desk as a powerful good luck symbol. Uncover three of West Africa's most intriguing nations on this compact insight into Benin, Togo and Ghana. It is not to be confused with Benin, the post-colonial nation state. This compelled the Benin elders to call on prince Okpame in Ora to come back to Benin and ascends to his ancestral throne and save his fatherland. Enter a world of python temples, haystack cults and oozing fetish shrines Fetishes and shrines abound along the streets of Benin, but no one is as famous and powerful as the Dankoli fetish; this is, in fact, the most important and powerful fetish of Africa and it is a very popular pilgrimage site; in fact there are many people coming here from neighboring countries such as Togo, Nigeria and Ghana, but also from far Even outside the world of B-movie zombies, voodoo is often seen as a nefarious practice — and commonly associated with the Caribbean and the American south. Considering the novelty and grandeur of these temples, we’ve compiled a list of 10 South Indian Temples that should be visited: 1. This isnt the Viceroy of Ouidah, a lyrical A powerful traditional priest, Nana Okomfo Kofi Appiah of Nkoranza, Brong Ahafo region of Ghana has thrown the challenge to all Ghanaians who want to be wealthy in a genuine way to consult him for genuine natural powers rather than get involved in Sikaduro or Sakawa rituals which has a long term consequences. Two things have influenced Benin's culture more than anything else: voodoo and fetishes sold in the markets, the roadside shrines, the statues of voodoo gods . Powerful voodoo spells (Vodun is sometimes called Voodoo, Vodoun, Vodou. Those Afro-Caribbean religions mentioned thus far are all quite similar to each other and follow almost exactly the beliefs, structure and practices of the mother religion, Yoruba. On the way we stopped at the Dankoli fetish shrine, the holiest of the Voodoo religion. Title Benin Bronze Aegis Plaque Pendant of Oba Nigeria African. Discover the voodoo traditions of a magical land on this two-week tour to Ghana, Togo and Benin that takes you right to the heart of the magic of Africa, meeting witches and gods and exploring the villages of the Tamberma. Togo, with its rich artistic traditions, voodoo shrines and colonial past is a rewarding destination for those travellers looking for somewhere just a little different. Virupaksha Temple. It was founded by the Edo or Bini people in the 13th century, and by the early 14th century a royal court was in place. Divine Inspiration: From Benin to and essays on Nigerian and Brazilian shrines and ritual figures. So his mission and vision were clear from the day he ascended the throne. culled from VANGUARD Thursday, May 20, 2004 The source of Yoruba from Benin is very authentic. The Kingdom of Benin, also known as the Benin Kingdom, was a pre-colonial kingdom in what is now southern Nigeria. meet the ghana voodoo priest that gives pastors spiritual powers to perform miracles Ever wondered why nowadays there seem to be more prophets than ordinary people in Africa? Even President Robert Mugabe last year warned Zimbabweans to watch out for false prophets. Bronze casting is a sophisticated means by which Africans have historically expressed themselves. Enter a world of python temples, haystack cults and oozing fetish shrines After communing directly with the powerful Dankoli fetish, a further  1 Sep 2011 Benin, a tiny ex-French colony sitting in a green corner of West Africa, known as Dahomey, was once one of the most powerful, and brutal,  Fetishes and shrines abound along the streets of Benin, but no one is as famous and powerful as the Dankoli fetish; this is, in fact, the most important and  They also helped with getting the visas for Ghana, Togo, and Benin. Benin Palace Ancestral Altar, dedicated to Oba Ovonramwen, Benin City, Nigeria photograph by Eliot Elisofon, 1970 Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives Once a powerful city-state, Benin exists today as a modern African city in what is now south-central Nigeria. In the Benin Empire The Benin Empire (1440–1897) was a pre-colonial African state in what is now modern Nigeria. Vodou is also known as Vodoun, Voodoo, and by several other variants. What is shown in this wonderful worke is a Oba with kneeling attendants who support his arms during a ceremony. There seems to be a mighty scarcity when it comes representation of the Black-African woman in art, Yoruba and Benin Kingdoms: The missing gap of history By . Numerous ancient African civilizations settled in the region that is today Nigeria, such as the Kingdom of Nri, the Benin Empire, and the Oyo Empire. Snakes are associated with the worship of Oshun, the deity who rules the ocean and other bodies of water, and are depicted in artworks from the ancient Yoruba kingdom at Ile-Ife and especially in the art of the Benin kingdom. Benin City also represents one of the earliest List Of Best Religious Places In Maharashtra. The Edo of Nigeria’s Benin Kingdom, for example, believe in a High God known as Osanobua; Christian churches there use this name to also refer to the Christian High God. Such is the massive temple of Idemmili at Nnobi. A 28 day trip that starts and finishes in Accra, Ghana. The Kingdom of Benin's capital was Edo, now known as Benin City in Edo state. The official capital is Porto-Novo, but Cotonou is Benin’s largest city, its chief port, and its de facto administrative capital. EDO is one ancient African enclave where the wind of acculturation has not succeeded in blowing away the tradition; norms and mores. kshoid@2wayexports. In Nigeria, Edo state is revered for mysticism and spirituality. Find guilds by server, faction, style, focus, country, language, size etc. The Dargah is one of the most revered shrines of the Muslims. 12 Days / 11 Nights Ghana – Togo – Benin, Voodoo Festival. Dog teeth are used in fetish shrines outside the home for protection. The mudfish later became a royal symbol because of its unique ability to live in two worlds – having one foot on earth and one foot in divinity" The ancient kingdom of Benin lies in the tropical rain forest of West Africa, next to present-day Nigeria. The celebration of the Millet Festival, among the Krobo people, is an incredible feast, rich in colours and jewels, taking place every year during the harvest season. Lions Stop at Benin's most powerful shrine, Dankoli Shrine in Abomey. 1 Aug 2018 Considered one of the most powerful shrines, the Dankoli Sacrifice Shrine is the place where ceremonies are performed in exchange for  15 May 2017 In a scene straight out of Star Wars, Benin is deep in the throes of a deadly conflict . SANTERIA: RACE AND RELIGION IN CUBA 7 . The history of Nigeria can be traced to prehistoric settlers (Nigerians) living in the area as early as 1100 BC. Such beads 1 - excavated Grave 1 ; 2 - excavated Grave 2 (see map); 3 - shrine installation with mud enclosure and baobab  Ghana, Togo and Benin are home to an amazing diversity of traditional cultures, from the once mighty kingdom of the Ashanti to smaller groups living in isolation  2 Mar 2019 months in various shrines and temples in Edo state and all the elements Resurgence of the Traditional Justice in Post Colonial Benin (Nigeria) Society. Ivory Tusk with King’s Mark Royal House of the Oba of Benin, Benin Kingdom 18th-19th century length: 52cm This carved ivory tusk is from the Kingdom of Benin and is carved with the Oba or King’s marks (these are the rectangular motifs with a spike at each corner) which show it to have been the … The houses includes: house for commoners / poor, nobles, chiefs, diviners, chief priest, Enigies's palace, Oba's palace and shrines. 5 cm high (The Metropolitan Museum of Art) Royal works of art, like this silver buffalo, were made by members of the Huntondji family, who served Fon kings as jewelers and smiths since the eighteenth century. Very few, in the diaspora, understand that many of the Gods known in the Hindu tradition are actually part and parcel of the pantheon of spirits, in Africa, known as Mami Dan. By a process called bunshi, a god’s spirit could be split to live in a new shrine as well as in the original shrine. Discovering the culture in Benin is the highlight of any holiday to this West African nation. The big shrines are always rectangular buildings with walls artistically decorated in black and white. See Voodoo ceremonies, visit ancient palaces and more. Diaspora while it provides powerful photographs that are The Kingdom of Benin, also known as the Benin Kingdom, was a pre-colonial kingdom in what is now southern Nigeria. The highlights are but of course the voodoo dolls We leave the lush coastal belt of Benin behind and head north into a different landscape, where Islam replaces Voodoo as the dominant religion. 95 x 1. 9 based on 29 Reviews "I recently traveled to Benin with Roots to Glory. The famous Igue festival, Benin kingdom's most dignified festival was started by Oba Ewuare I. That is the claim that the women are trapped in prostitution because of an oath of secrecy which they swore at local shrines before they left Nigeria. Learn more about the history, geography, and culture of Benin in this article. powerful shrines in benin

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